Case Study Research Design And Methods
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Case Study Research Design And Methods
Advocating for careful planning, development, and execution of case study research, merriam (1998, 2009) discusses the pragmatic structures that ensure case study research is manageable, rigorous, credible, and applicable. Parallel to the use of case studies in anthropology, medicine and disciplines in the social sciences such as sociology, education and political science also embraced case study as a form of inquiry (anthony & jack, 2009 brown, 2008 creswell et al. A quasi-experimental design is one that looks a bit like an experimental design butlacks the key ingredient -- random assignment.
Interaction with research subjects therefore needs to be minimized and subjectivity managed to avoid biasing the results (ibid. I plan to include them in later rewrites of thismaterial. Clarity in this alignment is fundamental to ensuring the veracity of the research and depends on the design developed.
Often these terms are used interchangeably without definitional clarity. Her research interests are in the areas of accessibility, innovation, relevance and quality in nursing education. This involves being selective and specific in identifying the parameters of the case including the participants, location andor process to be explored, and establishing the timeframe for investigating the case (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014).
In this way, merriams perspective brings forth a pragmatic approach to constructivist inquiry. Change and progress have stemmed from parallel influences from historical approaches to research and individual researchers preferences, perspectives on, and interpretations of case study research. As a result, surveys, experiments, and statistical methods anchored in quantitative approaches were favored and considered more rigorous than qualitative designs (johansson, 2003).
Developing research questions andor propositions to select the case, identify the focus, and refine the boundaries is recommended to effectively establish these elements in the research design (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014). Instead,ill present two of the classic quasi-experimental designs in some detail and show how weanalyze them. The researchers perceptions and interpretations become part of the research and as a result, a subjective and interpretive orientation flows throughout the inquiry (creswell, 2014).
At first glance, the regression discontinuity design strikes mostpeople as biased because of. This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research (killam, 2013 yin, 2014). College of public health, medical & veterinary sciences at james cook university. But there is something compelling about thesedesigns taken as a group, they are easily more frequently implemented than theirrandomized cousins. At the same time, case study research was often criticized for its inability to support generalizability and thus considered to provide limited validity and value as a research design (johansson, 2003 merriam, 2009 stewart, 2014).
Yin, Robert K.: Case Study Research. Design and Methods
94 Rezensionen times invites the reader to flip through the pages, but it is a helpful tool kit on how to proceed in conducting a case study. There is a similar ...
Case Study Research Design And Methods
CASE STUDY RESEARCH - madeira-edu.pt
CASE STUDY RESEARCH Design and Methods Second Edition Robert K. Yin Applied Social Research Methods Series VolumeS ~ SAGE Publications ~~ International Educational ...
Case Study Research Design And Methods
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Case study - Wikipedia
Examples include narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnography (denzin & lincoln, 2011). The integration of formal, statistical, and narrative methods in a single study, combined with the use of empirical methods for case selection and causal inference, demonstrated the versatility of case study design and made a significant contribution to its methodological evolution (ibid. Many methodologies are aligned with specific philosophical positions that guide the research process. The goal of this alignment is to engender coherence between the researchers philosophical position, their research question, design, and methods to be used in the study (farquhar, 2012 luck et al. Simple in theory yet complex in nature, the planning, preparation and execution of case study research has developed to a point where the continued application of case study research across a number of professions particularly education, health, and social sciences, has provided a unique platform for credible research endeavors.
Denzin & yvonna s. Each methodology is unique in approach depending on the ontological and epistemological stance, however all stem from the motivation to explore, seek understanding, and establish the meaning of experiences from the perspective of those involved (ibid. Over the last forty years, case study research has undergone substantial methodological development. Yin suggests careful screening in the selection of cases to ensure specific relevance to the issues of interest and the use of replication logic cases are chosen to produce anticipated contrasting findings (theoretical replication) or similar findings (literal replication). The researchers perceptions and interpretations become part of the research and as a result, a subjective and interpretive orientation flows throughout the inquiry (creswell, 2014).
Stake (1995) recommends vignettesepisodes of storytellingto illustrate aspects of the case and thick descriptions to convey findings, a further illustration of his constructivist and interpretivist approach to case study research. Similarly, merriam (1998, 2009) used case study research to explore and evaluate educational programs. Considering these fundamental elements and common approaches to case study research, the definition from creswell et al. With the capacity to tailor approaches, case study designs can address a wide range of questions that ask why, what, and how of an issue and assist researchers to explore, explain, describe, evaluate, and theorize about complex issues in context. This evolution has resulted in a pragmatic, flexible research approach, capable of providing comprehensive in-depth understanding of a diverse range of issues across a number of disciplines. Key contributors to the development of case study agree that the focus of a case study is the detailed inquiry of a unit of analysis as a bounded system (the case), over time, within its context. Post-positivism is evident in how he defines case study as a form of empirical inquiry (p. Prominent case study researchers do however emphasize that an overarching methodology shapes a case study design and that multiple sources of data and methods can be used (merriam, 2009 stake, 2006 yin, 2014), thus providing the distinction between the two. Qualitative case study methodology in nursing research an integrative review. Its identical to the design except that the groups are not created through random assignment.Different types of case study research methods. In business research, four common case study approaches are distinguished. First, there is the "no theory first" type ...
Case study as a research method - psyking.netcase study as a research method 2 investigate contemporary real-life phenomenon through detailed contextual analysis of a limited number of events or conditions, and ...
Case Study Analysis
Writing A Case Study
What Is A Case
In terms of epistemology, stake argues that situation shapes activity, experience, and ones interpretation of the case. Examples include narrative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, and ethnography (denzin & lincoln, 2011). For this purpose, qualitative researchers can employ a broad scope of methods and interpretative practices in any one study, although they typically include observations, interviews, and analysis of participants words (denzin & lincoln, 2011 merriam, 2009). Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative (merriam, 2009). Mn(ed) is a phd candidate in the college of healthcare sciences, division of tropical health and medicine, james cook university, australia Buy now Case Study Research Design And Methods
Denzin and lincoln (2011) emphasize the qualitative essence of case study, while acknowledging its evolution and fluidity with regard to accommodating varied ontologies, epistemologies, methodologies, and methods. Clarity in this alignment is fundamental to ensuring the veracity of the research and depends on the design developed. Probably the most commonly used quasi-experimental design (and it may be themost commonly used of all designs) is the. Stake (1995, 2006) has an approach to case study research that is qualitative and closely aligned with a constructivist and interpretivist orientation. This distinction accentuates the need for researchers to describe the particular underpinning methodology adopted and to clarify the alignment of chosen methods used with their philosophical assumptions and their chosen approach Case Study Research Design And Methods Buy now
Considering these fundamental elements and common approaches to case study research, the definition from creswell et al. Case study research as a strategy for methodological exploration, according to flyvbjerg (2011) has been around as long as recorded history (p. I include itbecause i believe it is an important and often misunderstood alternative to randomizedexperiments because its distinguishing characteristic -- assignment to treatment using acutoff score on a pretreatment variable -- allows us to assign to the program those whoneed or deserve it most. Interviews are the most common form of qualitative data collection, although merriam does not stipulate prioritizing a particular method for data collection or analysis, she does emphasize the importance of rigorous procedures to frame the research process Buy Case Study Research Design And Methods at a discount
Development of case study research in education, focused on the need to determine the impact of educational programs and provide relevant evidence for policy and practice decisions that supported social and educational change in the united kingdom and the united states (ibid. The ambiguity about case study being either or both a methodology and method, is compounded by the terminology used in discussions about case study. Similar to stake (1995, 2006), merriam (1998, 2009) was not as structured in her approach as yin (2014), but promoted the use of a theoretical framework or research questions to guide the case study and organized, systematic data collection to manage the process of inquiry Buy Online Case Study Research Design And Methods
Yin suggests careful screening in the selection of cases to ensure specific relevance to the issues of interest and the use of replication logic cases are chosen to produce anticipated contrasting findings (theoretical replication) or similar findings (literal replication). Stake (1995), an educational psychologist with an interest in developing program evaluation methods, used a constructivist orientation to case study. The goal of a postpositivist researcher is to use science as a way to apprehend the nature of reality while understanding that all measurement is imperfect. You will see thatthe lack of random assignment, and the potential nonequivalence between the groups,complicates the Buy Case Study Research Design And Methods Online at a discount
Advocating for careful planning, development, and execution of case study research, merriam (1998, 2009) discusses the pragmatic structures that ensure case study research is manageable, rigorous, credible, and applicable. Examples are provided of how these researchers philosophical orientation influences the application of case study in practice. You will see thatthe lack of random assignment, and the potential nonequivalence between the groups,complicates the. This positioning reflects the axiology of postpositivism where maintaining intellectual honesty, managing bias, and acknowledging limitations, coupled with meticulous data collection and accurate reporting are critical elements in the conduct of research (killam, 2013 yin, 2014) Case Study Research Design And Methods For Sale
Its identical to the design except that the groups are not created through random assignment. Such investigations were conducted in the natural setting of those experiences with results presented descriptively or as a narrative (merriam, 2009). Furthermore, postpositivists accept that everyone is inherently biased in worldviews, which ultimately influence how the methods used are deployed. The role of the researcher in producing this knowledge is critical, and stake emphasizes the researchers interpretive role as essential in the process. The goal of a postpositivist researcher is to use science as a way to apprehend the nature of reality while understanding that all measurement is imperfect For Sale Case Study Research Design And Methods
Case study research has grown in reputation as an effective methodology to investigate and understand complex issues in real world settings. Across the literature, case study is referred to as a methodology and a method, an approach, research and research design, research strategy, andor a form of inquiry (anthony & jack, 2009 brown, 2008 creswell, 2014 gerring, 2004 merriam, 2009 simons, 2009, stake, 1995, 2006 stewart, 2014 yin, 2014). Mn(ed) is a phd candidate in the college of healthcare sciences, division of tropical health and medicine, james cook university, australia. Methods were required that could be used to explore factors such as participants perspectives and the influence of socio-political contexts on curriculum successes and failures (simons, 2009) Sale Case Study Research Design And Methods
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